Although diabetes is a chronic condition that currently has no cure, having it does not mean that you cannot live a long, active and full life. These tips will help you keep it at bay and avoid or delay complications.
There is something better than giving up and depressing yourself before the diagnosis of diabetes, and it is taking certain measures, within your lifestyle, to live better despite the condition . Here I include a few:
1. Stay informed about diabetes
What type of diabetes do you have? Type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes? Do you know the difference between one and the other? Or the consequences of not controlling your blood glucose levels? This is the time to inform yourself and learn as much as you can about that condition with which you must live the rest of your days. Your doctor can tell you where to look for reliable and secure information. There is constantly information about new treatments and ways to deal with diabetes. From medications with different mechanisms of action, to different types of insulin, news about the foods you should consume or avoid, etc.
2. Trust your medical team, what’s more, join him
Periodic communication with your doctor is essential so that you can control your blood glucose levels with your guide. Keep a good record of your visits and do not skip any. But in addition, there are other specialists to whom you should go, at least once a year (the dentist and the ophthalmologist for example). In addition to the support team that includes the certified nutritionist and, if directed, the educator to teach you how to inject yourself, etc.
3. Frequently measure your blood glucose levels
To find out if your blood sugar level is high or not, it is crucial to control diabetes. Do not overlook this step. Check this information so you know when and how you should do it .
4. Your diet is very important
A balanced diet is vital for everyone’s health. But for diabetics it is much more. What you eat and how much you eat directly influences the level of blood glucose. In your case, the key lies in the control of portions and carbohydrates . Your doctor or a nutritionist can tell you which foods are right for you and which ones you should avoid. To begin, I recommend that you consider the benefits of a Mediterranean-type diet , as well as implement the exchange system when planning your meals. And of course, remember that it is important to try to eat at the same time and never skip any food.
More and more studies indicate that exercise (even if only walking 20 minutes a day) is essential to control diabetes . In addition, it helps you maintain a healthy weight, something that is also important to avoid complications with this condition. In fact, some people who have managed to lose overweight have been able to reverse type 2 diabetes . Do the test!
6. Beware of salt
Did you know that diabetics also have to control the salt they consume ? This is to avoid high blood pressure (hypertension) and its consequent damage to the kidneys. Limit the amount of salt you add in your food. Also read carefully the labels of processed foods, as many contain a lot of sodium. Be careful!
7. Don’t even think about smoking
If you want to live as much as possible, “Avoid the cigarette!” Smoking is one of the risk factors that influences the development of type 2 diabetes. But if you have already been diagnosed with diabetes, it is very important that you stop smoking as soon as possible. According to data from the American Heart Association, about 22 percent of adults with diabetes smoke, which puts them at greater risk of developing complications, and not only of the heart or lungs, but also damage to nerve endings (neuropathy) and kidney disease. Of course, diabetics who smoke are three times more likely to die due to cardiovascular complications than those who do not smoke, and have greater difficulty maintaining their blood glucose levels in healthy ranges, tobacco increases them.
8. Beware of skin infections
People with diabetes are more likely to suffer from dryness, lesions and infections by fungi or bacteria on the skin, but also suffer from other conditions that only affect the skin of diabetics . If you notice any changes, redness, inflammation, itching or scales on the skin of the body or face, consult your doctor. You may have to visit a dermatologist to control the condition.
Diabetes reduces blood circulation, especially in the extremities. This makes it harder for your body to recover from injuries or injuries. In addition, as diabetes also damages the nerves, you may not feel any injury that appears on the feet. That’s why it’s very important to check them carefully every day, to make sure you don’t have any injuries. And if you notice anything, take care of it immediately before it becomes infected and complicated.
10. Reduce stress
Stress can have an especially negative effect if you suffer from diabetes : it could make you forget to take your medications, to measure your blood glucose levels … Or make you eat – or drink – what you shouldn’t! In addition, stress hormones can alter your glucose. To avoid this, you could do breathing exercises, enroll in an exercise, meditation class or something else that helps you relax. What do you think about music or dance classes? Find an activity that helps you relieve stress. You will see that they take effect, while having fun!
Motivate yourself to start the changes today so that living with diabetes doesn’t make you such a heavy burden. If you do, you will be taking control and assume the condition with responsibility and discipline, determining factors to control and overcome any health problem.